How to shoot portraits with blurred backgrounds: Step-By-Step


Have you ever wondered how photographers get those smooth creamy blurred backgrounds (bokeh) in their portraits? 

How to shoot portraits with blurred backgrounds for creative portraits

When shooting portraits, you can get blurry backgrounds by shooting at a wide aperture (aka F-stop) in order for the lens to separate the subject from the background. This is also referred to as the depth of field. Many portrait photographers will shoot at f2.8 or wider depending on the limitations of their lenses. Some will go to f1.2 or more common f1.4 aperture and this allows you to create background blur commonly referred to as bokeh.

How to shoot blurred backgrounds in 3 easy steps portraits outdoors
Shot with Sony a7riii paired Sony 85mm F1.4 GMaster | Shot @f1.4 Wide Open

Blurring backgrounds in portraits

Beginners getting into portrait photography are looking for ways to get the popular smooth heavy bokeh look when shooting portraits. The background blur creates a sense of separation between the subject and everything around them.

Your subject is sharp and everything else just melts away. 

In portrait photography, some beginners learn they need lenses with wide apertures in order to achieve blurry backgrounds. This is not always true, but it does make it easier when you are dealing with limited space and need to stay close to your subject. 

I’m a Sony mirrorless camera shooter and I have lenses like the Sony 85mm f1.4 GM and Sony 55mm f1.8 that gives me a great depth of field and background blur.

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You can also achieve bokeh with an aperture of f2.8 or higher lens as well. Just depends on your distance from the subject and the focal length being used. 

Step 1: Set your camera’s lens to its widest aperture or F-stop.

The majority of lenses will be marked with an f-stop number to help photographers know the widest aperture of the lens.

Some lenses have aperture rings that will mark the settings on the outside of the lens.

If your lens doesn’t have a manual ring, then you can set the aperture in the camera if you are shooting in manual mode.

Aperture displayed on Sony a7riii
Aperture displayed on LCD | Sony a7riii | Sony 85mm f1.4 Lens

On my Sony a7riii camera I have one of my front dial wheels set to change the aperture when I need it. Other camera manufacturers have similar dials and wheels for turning the f-stop up or down.

Once the aperture is set make sure to adjust your ISO and shutter speed as well to get a correct exposure.

If you’re not comfortable with shooting in manual mode yet, put your camera in Aperture Priority (Ap or A).

This way you can tell the camera what aperture or f-stop you want and it will adjust other settings like ISO and shutter speed for you.

Aperture Priority Mode | Sony a7riii | Sony 85mm f1.4
Aperture Priority Mode | Sony a7riii | Sony 85mm f1.4

If you’re not sure how to adjust the aperture, do a quick Youtube search for your camera model and look up “how to change my aperture on my (insert brand) camera”.

Step 2: Move your subject away from the background

Next, in order to get background blur, you need to have the subject away from the background.

An easy way to test and get immediate results is to go outside and take a few pictures on the sidewalk or street.

How to shoot bokeh in portraits
Shot with Sony a7riii | Sony 85mm F1.4 Gmaster

Use the street as a background for your composition and have your subject (friend or family member if you need immediate help) stand and pose for you.

Make sure there is nothing behind them or close to them in the background. This will help with getting your desired results.

Step 3: Focus on the subject’s closest eye or entire face and shoot

Now that your camera is set to the largest aperture and your other settings are in place for correct exposure, now it’s time to take a few shots.

Practice shooting at different distances in order to get the maximum amount of bokeh.

  • 35mm Lens – Stand about 2ft to 3ft away to start
  • 50mm Lens – Stand about 3ft to 4ft away to start
  • 85mm Lens – Stand about 4ft to 5ft away to start
  • 135mm Lens – Stand about 6ft to 8ft away to start
  • 200mm Lens – Across the parking lot

These lengths should give you a fairly close-up shot. You can always adjust as needed, so keep in mind these are just good starting points.

I recommend experimenting so you can see what different lengths away from your subject will do to the background blur.

After each shot, compare the last one few shots to see the difference. I would also adjust the aperture to a larger number to see how it also affects the background blur.

How to get blurred backgrounds in portraits
Shot with Sony a7riii | Sony 85mm F1.4 Gmaster

What is Bokeh?

According to Wikipedia, “Bokeh is the aesthetic quality of the blur produced in the out-of-focus parts of an image produced by the lens.”

So basically the background blur in your image. Not too technical.

The biggest part is how close you are to your subject and how far away they are from the background.

You can easily achieve a blurry background with an f4.0 lens or higher just depending on focal length and distance of your subject from the background. 

Why do portrait photographers like background blur

I always wondered this. As if it was some unwritten rule of portrait photography. I personally like it because of the separation of my subject and also it makes some busy elements less distracting.

Also, if you are hard-pressed to shoot in an ugly location, you can always shoot wide open and blur out the ugly backgrounds as an option.

withJust saying this has saved my butt a few times when doing model test shoots.

Blurred portraits shooting wide open aperture
Shot with Sony a7riii | Sony 85mm F1.4 Gmaster | Profoto B2 Strobe w/ Softbox

Have problems with background blur? Keep these tips in mind

  • Double-check the aperture or f-stop of the lens you are shooting with. Start with the widest the lens will go and work your way down to larger numbers from there.
  • Make sure the background is not too close to the subject. Move your subject around and experiment with different backgrounds and locations for the best results.
  • Your standing too far away – Yes this is possible. For example, if you are using a 35mm lens and you are 6ft to 8ft away from your subject, you will not be getting much background blur. Again experiment with distance to get it right.

Prime lenses can create the best background blur in my opinion

If you ask different portrait photographers about which lenses create the best background blur or bokeh, you will most likely get different answers.

After shooting for the last few years, I think telephoto prime lenses do the best in my opinion.

For example the Sony 85mm f1.4 GMaster lens and my Sony 55mm F1.8 FE Lens both create great smooth blur, but you can really notice the difference if you put them side by side.

The 85mm just looks great and has a more zoomed-in look. I even recommend shooting portraits with a 70-200 f2.8 lens if you don’t have a prime lens and only zoom. 

Either way, I just prefer the look of primes and the amount of bokeh I can get from an image. Just my personal opinion.

Zoom vs Prime for Bokeh Portraits
Sony 85mm f1.4 | Sony 70-200mm f2.8 | Sony 135mm f1.8

Do prime lenses or zooms give you better blur

There is always a big debate about prime lenses giving better bokeh and background blur over zoom lenses. In my opinion, I can get great bokeh with both.

For example, I can get great bokeh shooting with a prime Sony 85mm f1.4 and also get awesome background blur from a Sony 70-200mm f2.8 Gmaster Lens zoomed in around 135 or more.

Prime lenses tend to have wider apertures of f1.8, f1.4, and even wider at f1.2. This gives you a shallower depth of field in your portraits.

Zoom lenses for Sony tend to max out around f2.8 but the compression you get with your subject and depth of field really is determined by your distance from the subject.

Lens Recommendations for Portraits and getting maximum background blur

A few recommendations for your full-frame Sony camera, check out these prime lenses for some great bokeh.

If you’re more of a zoom lens shooter, you can check out these lenses to get maximum bokeh in your portraits

If you’re an APSC camera shooter, here are a few recommendations for you as well.

Price is always a concern

You will start to notice that the wider a lens goes, the pricier it may get. Thankfully many camera manufacturers have budget-friendly lenses to choose from that have wide apertures like f1.4 or f1.8.

If not, you might want to consider third-party lenses that might fit your budget.

Online Lens Camera Rentals
Rent online gear and have it delivered to your door |

Rent first, buy later

If you’re not ready to make a purchase just yet, to don’t know what lens to get next, you can always rent gear and try it out first. Here is a great article on why you should rent before you buy. 

Many local camera stores offer rentals on lenses. If you don’t have one close, then you might consider renting online. is a great resource for having rentals shipped directly to your door.

This will give you a chance to practice and see what lens works best for your style.

Get creative and try out a few different priced lenses, then come back to your computer and compare the results. You might just be surprised.


If you want to learn to shoot portraits with blurred backgrounds, then you need to learn about lens apertures and depth of field or focus distance from a subject.

Keep in mind that subjects need to be separated from the background in order to get the desired effect.

Make sure to also adjust your other camera settings in manual mode after you have set your f-stop.

Even setting your camera in automatic mode or aperture priority/portrait mode will help you get on the path to the results you want.

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